COP28 Day 11

A Frenzy of Negotiations in the final days of COP28

Fossil Fuel reduction

World leaders are still avoiding phase out for fossil fuels. The latest agreement is to reduce fossil fuel consumption by  2050.

This will not be enough to limit the world to 1.5 degrees C of warming.

Sustainable Food

A coalition led by Brazil and Norway is focusing on transforming food and land use systems, emphasizing agriculture’s role in climate action.

"I urge negotiators to reject incrementalism. Each step back from the highest ambition will cost countless millions of lives, not in the next political or economic cycle, for future leaders to deal with, but right now, across every country." Simon Stiell UN Climate Change Executive Secretary

We are in a race against time


The Majlis – an Arabic term used to refer to a council or a special gathering, typically bringing together a community of elders – is being held at COP28 in an open-ended setting at the Ministerial and Head of Delegation levels. The goal is to bring together all of the different decisions and outcomes to strike the right balance.

2030 Climate Solutions: An Implementation Roadmap

This has brought together the existing frameworks that refer to actions that need to be taken by 2030.


Climate Action Pathways: this was launched in 2019 at the Paris COP and gives milestones that need achieving along the way in order to limit warming to 1.5 by 2030.


2030 Breakthroughs. A “breakthrough” is a moment that marks a significant advance in the transformation of an economic sector or natural system. A breakthrough can represent a critical new level of infrastructure or technology deployment, reduction in production cost, improved health of a natural ecosystem, or a shift in societal norms. 

  • Human Settlements
  • Energy
  • Industry
  • Land
  • ocean and coastal zone
  • water
  • transport
  • carbon removal


Breakthrough Agenda 2022 ( (See video above)

Bringing together the tools of government with business and financial ingenuity, the Breakthrough Agenda aims to make clean technologies and sustainable solutions the most affordable, accessible and attractive option in all regions by 2030. COP27 agreed on 28 Priority actions.


Sharm-El-Sheik Adaptation agenda

These 30 global adaptation outcome targets came out of COP27



Race to Resilience -COP27

Race to Resilience aims:

  • By 2030, to catalyse action by non-state actors that builds the resilience of 4 billion people from vulnerable groups and communities to climate risks

Through a partnership of initiatives, the campaign will focus on helping frontline communities to build resilience and adapt to impacts of climate change, such as extreme heat, drought, flooding and sea-level rise.

  • Urban: Transform urban slums into healthy, clean and safe cities
  • Rural: Equip smallholder farmers to adapt and thrive
  • Coastal: Protect homes and businesses against climate shocks


Race to Zero 

Launched at the Climate Summit 2019 aiming for net zero by 2050.

Race To Zero is a global campaign to rally leadership and support from businesses, cities, regions, investors for a healthy, resilient, zero carbon recovery that prevents future threats, creates decent jobs, and unlocks inclusive, sustainable growth.

Article 6 refinement COP28

The clock is ticking on climate change. To avert its worst impacts, we need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 43% by 2030. But current national plans fall short, projecting a 9% increase instead.
Article 6 stems from the Paris Agreement (COP21 2015) encouraging international cooperation to tackle climate change and unlock financial support for developing countries. It is being refined at COP28.